Disasters and crises impact women, girls, men, boys, and persons of diverse gender
identities differently, with women and girls often bearing the brunt of the impact due to
pre-existing gender inequalities. Differential impacts are also felt by women living at the
intersection of multiple marginalized identities, including elderly women, indigenous
women, and women with disabilities. At the same time, crisis situations also have the
potential to allow new and more progressive gender roles to emerge, and the meaningful
participation of women and girls in recovery, mitigation, and adaptation processes has
been shown to accelerate those efforts and make them more sustainable.
Given the Grand Bargain commitments to increase the use of cash and voucher
assistance (CVA) where appropriate, it is critical that these commitments unfold hand
in hand with commitments also made to gender equality in humanitarian settings. As
recent research has shown, without adequate gender analysis and targeting, cash and
voucher assistance can fail to reach those left furthest behind; yet on the flip side, cash
and gender interventions in the development sector have also suggested the potential of
cash and voucher assistance to improve a women’s bargaining power and increase her
decision-making capacity within the household.